The history, lifestyle and economic foundation of Zimbabwe are rooted in and around land and land-use for agriculture. Poverty is the main driver in causing unsustainable farming, grazing and woodfuel gathering that have led to dryland degradation and desert encroachment which present day governance structures cannot resolve. HIV/AIDS also imposes enormous burdens now and into the foreseeable future. Increasing temperatures will bring unpredictable precipitation patterns leading to more parched and dry conditions and possible increases in the frequency and intensity of extreme events such as cyclones. This case study examines how a small group of villagers in the Beithridge District came together to reduce their climate vulnerabilities through livelihood diversification. Rather than trying to rebuild a dam that had been destroyed by an unexpected cyclone, the villagers chose to use the leftover funds to rehabilitate wetland, buy goats, set up seed nurseries and switch from maize, which is difficult to grow in persistent drought conditions, to drought-tolerant and pest-resistant sorghum. A key part of their success lies in their establishing a new community institution endowed with legal personality: the Tongwe Community Development Group. The villagers were then able to receive, manage and utilise external funds in a timely fashion without intermediaries. This case study illustrates the need to “climate proof” future infrastructure to ensure precious investments are not “washed away” with climate change.
wetland was demarcated and fenced off to protect it from livestock trampling and grazing
|Climate change impacts||Effect of Nbs on CCI||Effect measures|
|Reduced water availability||Positive||qualitative/ from anecdotal reports about the return of water after intervention implemented|
Mutubuki wetland in the Tongwe ward