The purpose of this paper is to focus on the local-level initiatives through coastal afforestation, the natural and socio-economic context of the study area (Hatiya Upazila of Noakhali District, Bangladesh) and the adaptation and DRR strategies generated through coastal afforestation in coastal Bangladesh. Design/methodology/approach Field observations, focus group discussions (FGDs), semi-structured interviews, and transects were accomplished in both the dry and wet season. Spatial database generated and land use mapping integrated social and technical investigation. Five FDG sessions with participants from different livelihood options (fishermen, farmers and social representatives) were organised and, on average, 15 similar to 18 participants participated in each participatory session. Findings Mangrove plantation can be used to access new land and create alternative livelihoods, which are important for local community adaptation and to reduce disaster risks. Mangrove plantations provide chances for new land management options to be developed for use in Bangladesh. Research limitations/implications – This study was conducted only at the south-central coastal district of Bangladesh. Data collection to summarise all the socio-economic issues is limited. Practical implications – This paper can be used for the integration of geospatial and social research techniques to understand the community approach to fight against climate change-induced impacts. Originality/value – The research is solely conducted by the authors. The conducted approach is a blend of social and technical knowledge and techniques in generating community resilience at the south- central coast of Bangladesh.
coastal afforestation including mound plantation and strip plantations: innovative use of the unused coastal lands and to put up non-mangrove species in salinity-dominated coastal belts by involving coastal people….Akashmoni trees are planted on the mound plantation sites. This species has been evaluated and selected by the Bangladesh Forest Research Institute for different inundated coastal habitats (Islam and Nandy, 2001). Each beneficiary received 0.404 hectares (1 acre) of land for mound plantation along with rice cultivation, and each family can earn BDT20,000–25,000 (US$11⁄4BDT84) or equivalent crop amount. This is a good amount of money for a landless family and the beneficiaries. They will also get a 65 per cent share of the mound plantation, which will be a good amount after 12–15 years. This is also an effective alternative livelihood option....costal afforestation have been considered to increase the resilience of protective ecosystems, reducing the climate change-induced vulnerability of adjacent coastal communities. All the afforestation projects implemented so far have been community-based efforts where the local stakeholders were fully participated in the fruitful execution of the projects. Therefore, the project outcomes secured their livelihoods for income generation....The Community-based Adaptation to Climate Change through Coastal Afforestation (CBACC) project has carried out 9,000 ha of mangrove afforestation
|Climate change impacts||Effect of Nbs on CCI||Effect measures|
|Storm surge||Positive||Adaptation/DRR: Climate impact is storm surge, coastal inundation "This project ensures not only the resilience of protective ecosystem but also protects critical infrastructures of the coastal areas, including embankment and roads, through community engagement and benefit sharing approach."|
|Coastal inundation||Positive||"Adaptation/DRR: Climate impact is storm surge, coastal inundation ""This project ensures not only the resilience of protective ecosystem but also protects critical infrastructures of the coastal areas, including embankment and roads, through community engagement and benefit sharing approach.""|
Hatiya Upazila which is a part of an active delta of the three mighty river systems: the Ganges (Padma), Brahmaputra (Jamuna) and the Meghna (Figure 1).