The World Development Report 2000-2001 recommends action on three complementary and synergistic fronts for poverty alleviation – promoting opportunity, facilitating empowerment and enhancing security. This paper analyses the Tamilnadu Forestry Project, funded by US$100 million from the Japan Bank for International Cooperation, for community forestry. The project was launched in 1997-1998 in this southern state of India and has evolved into a comprehensive poverty alleviation programme for the forest abutting villages where the proportion of poor people is largest. It endeavours to explain how the project provides the above three elements at the local level for sustainable poverty alleviation. Regeneration of forests, improvement of basic infrastructure through integration of line departments and promotion of alternate livelihoods provide ample economic opportunities. Establishment of Village Forest Councils, and delegation of sufficient powers to these Councils, has empowered the poorest of the poor. Tree assets, promotion of alternate income generation activities and water harvesting structures have provided security by reducing vulnerability to natural vagaries, particularly drought. In this project, the restoration of biodiversity and people development go hand in hand in a synergistic way that makes the project worth replicating elsewhere in the country and other parts of the world, with suitable modifications.
combination of restoration and management Tamilnadu Forestry Project: degraded forest micro- watersheds, together with abutting hamlets, or habitation or revenue villages are selected. The forest area is divided into three zones – Lower or Utility zone, Middle or Asset creation zone and Upper or Eco-restoration zone. Normally, the area for all three zones is 250 ha, in which the zone-wise gap planting is taken up...In the forest area of around 250 ha of each micro- watershed, 77 000 saplings are planted, with delib- erate emphasis on non-timber forest products (NTFPs). The species used include Azadirachta indica, Phyllanthus emblica, Syzizium cumini, Tamarin- dus indica, Bassia latifolia, Terminalia bellerica. In addition, 25 000 saplings are distributed to the villages for growing on their own lands....The VFC members are given the right to collect NTFPs and a share in the final harvest.
|Climate change impacts||Effect of Nbs on CCI||Effect measures|
|Loss of other ecosystem goods||Positive||anectodal report on NFTP supply, author/implementor's own observations? No social assessment methodology reported|